Antibiotics and Paratyphoid
Antibiotics and Paratyphoid
As early as the 1990s, it was clear that the overuse of antibiotics posed the risk that the bacteria they were supposed to fight would increasingly resist them. Old habits are difficult to change, so very little was done in those years to limit the use of antibiotics. Many doctors and in the pigeon sport also the fanciers were afraid to strongly reduce the use of antibiotics because they were afraid that pigeons would have to deal with much more diseases. In those days it was very common to give preventive cures without pigeons showing symptoms of disease.
This is difficult to imagine at this time, but at the time it was the rule rather than the exception. Alternative options were taken seriously by very few enthusiasts. The pigeons were given so many antibiotics that they did indeed become dependent on antibiotics. The intestinal flora, which has since been renamed Microbiome, was hit hard by the many antibiotics. Rather than a healthy microbiome, many pigeons' intestines were populated with highly weakened good bacteria.
The result was that the pathogens were given free rein and made the pigeons sick all the time. That in turn caused the enthusiasts to reach for the medicine jar again. A vicious circle that could only be broken by radically changing course. That required courage in the enthusiasts who were used to giving medicines often.
In practice, however, we have seen a strong increase in the use of natural means to keep the microbiome healthy in recent years, usually with great success. A healthy microbiome is almost synonymous with healthy pigeons. But although it does work in practice, there are still plenty of enthusiasts who need to be convinced.
As mentioned, old habits are difficult to change.
A clear example that illustrates how excessive use of antibiotics helps the pigeons go backwards instead of forwards are the preventive antibiotic treatments in the autumn against paratyphoid. More and more often we see enthusiasts who are completely amazed when they see that, after a fortnight's cure against paratyphoid, they are suddenly confronted with thick joints as a result of paratyphoid. These pigeons are usually irretrievably lost.
I have discussed this phenomenon not so long ago, but because I saw several cases again in the autumn, it would not hurt to pay attention to it again.
First of all, it should be said that once the racing season is over until the new racing season, possibly with the exception of a treatment against the cancker on the eggs, if necessary, you should keep your hands off the antibiotics. Not only is it unnecessary to destroy the good intestinal bacteria if you give antibiotics too often, it also has a negative effect on the pigeons' capacity to build up an effective resistance themselves.
The pigeons needlessly remain dependent on these means for much longer.
Back to the paratyphoid cure. As a preventative measure, I find it absolutely nonsensical. I always compare it to a paracetamol that I take in September to prevent a headache in December.
Of course, clinical outbreaks of paratyphoid occur in the fall. Then it may be necessary to treat the affected animals individually with medication, or, if all animals are sick, under supervision of a sensitivity test of the detected bacteria.
So in clinical outbreaks the story becomes slightly different, although I have to say that many times I have started to prefer to work with PreviSal on all pigeons and only treat the affected and sick pigeons individually. This is a difficult task for many enthusiasts, stuck in the habit of treating everything when only a few animals are sick. This has been very common among enthusiasts and veterinarians for decades. Even now there are vets who just radically put all pigeons on antibiotics.
We now know in the knowledge that not only are pathogens killed by antibiotics, but that the many good and useful intestinal bacteria are also hit hard. In recent months we have again seen fanciers, whom I had not reached with previous newsletters, who saw thick lumps on the wings of several pigeons shortly after the preventive treatment they had given. The pigeons then had a latent paratyphoid infection. Unfortunately, these bacteria are also not crazy and, due to excessive use of antibiotics in general, have resisted the means to be used.
Result massive resistance. What could then happen if one blindly gives a 14-day cure against paratyphoid without knowing which drug works best? If one unexpectedly opts for a drug where the paratyphoid bacillus has built up resistance, then this drug will not help against this bacterium. In fact, he will come out stronger because the bacteria that are still a bit sensitive to be cleaned up and the real ones that are hards remain. Before the cure there was a labile equilibrium in the intestine. The good gut bacteria kept those pathogens in check and kept them from developing en masse.
By giving that cure with a substance that does not work, we see that the good intestinal bacteria are strongly affected, so that they can no longer carry out their protective effect against the harmful paratyphoid bacillus. The good bacteria are strongly reduced in number, while the paratyphoid bacillus can get more space to grow, which can lead to a clinical outbreak of paratyphoid.
Enough pigeon fanciers who play for doctors themselves will then take a cure with another medicine that should work against this disease. This can lead to further destruction if the bacteria is also insensitive to that new agent. The good intestinal bacteria are reduced even further. Good intestinal bacteria have so many important functions for the health of the pigeon. This can disturb the condition for a longer period of time. If only because the production of vitamins by the bacteria can fall behind, which can lead to relative shortages in the pigeons.
If you have a clinical outbreak with paratyphoid, have your vet cultivate this bacterium and make an antibiogram, so that you know which drug is still effective in your case. Then treat the affected pigeons individually.
So we see good results by simultaneously treating the non-sick pigeons with a product such as PreviSal that gives the pathogens less to develop while it serves as food for the good intestinal bacteria that make them flourish and can help paratyphus to go search elsewhere.
During the breeding in my own loft I give the pigeons Wheat Germ Oil for ten days before breeding. From the breeding oil coupling that I attach to the feed together with PreviSal, Basic Core and Bio BMT.
I started to provide my own pigeons daily during the breeding. I do reduce the dosage to half, so as not to give too much over a longer period. That works well. When the youngsters hatch, I have been giving the old pigeons extra breeding support for a few days. I have to say that I have been very satisfied with this approach for a number of years. But in the pigeon sport there are many roads that lead to Rome. So they do the best what works best in their own loft.
Good luck Peter